Chalmers et al. (1995, p. 173) stated that, validation of a simulation against empirical data is not about comparing “the real world” and the simulation output; but it is a comparison of what is observed as the real world with what is observed as the output. In this scenario, both are constructions of observers and their views concerning relevant agents and their attributes (Chalmers et al., 1995). Constructing reality and simulation are just two-way of an observer seeing the world. The issue of objective, formation is not normally considered by computer scientists relying on the standard view: data is “organized” by a human programmer who appropriately fits them into the chosen representational structure. In most cases, researchers apply their prior knowledge of the nature of the problem to hand-code a representation of the data into a near-optimal form.
700 words – Question – After reading through the Chapter1 to Chapter3, In consideration with the constructionist’s views about quality of social simulation:
what happens when the possibility of validating a simulation with empirical data from the “real world” is questioned?
provide a clear narrative with an explanation of what happens